Article 7320

Title of the article

AGE VARIABILITY OF WOMEN’S SOMATOTYPIC FEATURES 

Authors

Kustova Yuliya Vladimirovna, Postgraduate student, Saratov State Medical University named after V. I. Razumosky (112 Bolshaya Kazachya street, Saratov, Russia), E-mail: kustovajul@icloud.com
Chelnokova Natal'ya Olegovna, Candidate of medical sciences, associate professor, sub-department of operative surgery and topographic anatomy, Saratov State Medical University named after V. I. Razumosky (112 Bolshaya Kazachya street, Saratov, Russia), E-mail: nachelnokova@yandex.ru
Anisimova Elena Anatol'evna, Doctor of medical sciences, professor, sub-department of human anatomy, Saratov State Medical University named after V.I. Razumosky (112 Bolshaya Kazachya street, Saratov, Russia), E-mail: eaan@mail.ru
Anisimov Dmitriy Igorevich, Candidate of medical sciences, traumatologist-orthopedist, Research Institute of traumatology, orthopedics and neurosurgery, Saratov State Medical University named after V. I. Razumosky (112 Bolshaya Kazachya street, Saratov, Russia), E-mail: anisimovd85@mail.ru 

Index UDK

572.08.5.94 (045) 

DOI

10.21685/2072-3032-2020-3-7 

Abstract

Background. The aim of the study is to identify patterns of variation in the physique and somatotype of women aged 18–50 years in the Saratov region.
Materials and methods. The women included in the study (n = 178) were divided into groups: Group I - 18–20 years old - 37; Group II - 21-30 years old - 41; III group - 31–40 years old - 43; Group IV - 41-50 years old - 57 people. The methods of anthropo- and bioimpedance measurement were used. Age, body length, body weight, waist girth, hip girth, body mass index, waist / hip girth index, endo-, ectoand mesomorphic indices were determined. The variational-statistical processing of the research results was carried out using the Statistica 13.0 software package.
Results. Of the total body size, the least variable sign is body length, the coefficient of variation in age groups changes little - from 3.1 to 3.8 (low). Indicators of exo- and mesomorphism have a weak variability (Cv% is 8.8 and 5.5, respectively). Body mass (Сv% from 12.8 to 24.9), body mass index (Сv% = 22.7), waist / hip index (Сv% = 10.1) have average variability, the coefficient of variation for the indicator is above average endomorphia (Cv% = 32.4).
Conclusion. Total body sizes, such as body mass, waist and hips, endo-, exo-, and mesomorphic indices from 18 to 40 years statistically significantly increase and stabilize in the IV age group, except for body length, which changes slightly with age (there are no statistically significant differences). Body mass index also increases to 40 years, and then stabilizes, while the waist/hip index has a statistically significant increase only between the I and II age groups, then it also continues to increase, but the differences do not reach statistical significance. With age, following an increase in BMI, the waist/hip index increases, the number of people with excess body mass, obesity, intermediate and android body types increases. 

Key words

age variability, women, constitution, somatotype 

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References

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Дата создания: 19.10.2020 12:57
Дата обновления: 20.10.2020 11:32